Syn: adult-onset diabetes, type 2 diabetes. This form of adult-onset diabetes is commonly associated with obesity and usually responds well to a strict dietary regimen; it does not usually require treatment with supplementary insulin. It is increasingly common at younger ages in wealthy countries and is associated with childhood obesity. In many low-income countries where undernutrition has long been common, NIDDM has become prevalent, perhaps because of a “thrifty gene” diathesis (see Barker hypothesis).
Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology.