treaty of Norham

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In August 1209, King John brought a large army to Norham, west of Berwick‐on‐Tweed. In return for peace, William the Lion promised to pay £10,000 and handed over his two elder daughters for marriage into the English royal house. Although John failed to secure acknowledgement as feudal overlord of Scotland, these agreements emphasized William's dependence on English goodwill.

Subjects: British History.

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