Overview

norm-referencing


Show Summary Details

Quick Reference

Where student performance in an examination or other assessed work is measured by comparing it with the performance of others, rather than against fixed criteria. Thus, in a group of very high‐attaining students a candidate might gain a high score, such as 70 per cent, but still be graded as a low pass if most of the group gained 80 per cent or more. Similarly, where the standard of performance was low overall, a candidate who answered very few questions correctly might gain a high grade if the rest of the cohort performed even more badly. This method of assessing and grading is in direct contrast with criterion‐referenced assessment. See also assessment criteria.

Subjects: Education.


Reference entries

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.