James Northcote

(1746—1831) artist and author

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Joshua Reynolds (1723—1792) portrait and history painter and art theorist

John Boydell (1720—1804) engraver and printseller


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James Spencer Northcote (1821—1907) college head and historian


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(b Plymouth, Devon, 22 Oct. 1746; d London, 13 July 1831).

English painter and writer. He was largely self-taught until he moved to London in 1771 and became the pupil and assistant of Reynolds, a fellow Devonian. From 1777 to 1780 he was in Italy, where he gained ambitions to be a history painter; however, his exercises in this field, notably for Boydell's Shakespeare Gallery, are ponderous and awkward. As a portraitist he was an uninspired follower of Reynolds, and it is as a writer that he has the main claim to distinction: he was something of a character and a lively commentator on the artistic scene. Memoirs of Sir Joshua Reynolds (1813; supplement 1815) is his major publication.

Subjects: Art — Shakespeare Studies and Criticism.

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