Chamber orch. based at Newcastle upon Tyne serving north‐eastern area of Eng., though it regularly plays in London. Founded as freelance orch. in 1958 by Michael Hall; became first permanent chamber orch. in Brit. 1961. Has made several overseas tours, played for opera, and made several recordings. Conductors: Hall 1958–64, Rudolf Schwarz 1964–73 (with Boris Brott 1964–7); Christopher Seaman 1973–9; Tamás Vasáry and Ivan Fischer 1979–82; Richard Hickox 1982–90; Heinrich Schiff from 1990–6; Jean‐Bernard Pommier 1996–2002; Thomas Zehetmair from 2002. N. Marriner was ass. cond. 1971–3. Title changed to Northern Sinfonia of England in 1982.