A group of English landscape painters associated with the Norwich Society of Artists, which was founded in 1803. It held annual exhibitions in 1805–25 and again in 1828–33 after it had been reformed as the Norfolk and Suffolk Institution for the Promotion of the Fine Arts—the first instance of a provincial institution holding regular exhibitions. John Crome was a founder member and became president in 1808; when he died in 1821, Cotman took over the role. The Norwich artists, who included amateurs as well as professionals, consisted almost entirely of landscape painters in oil and watercolour; they concentrated on local scenery and often sketched out of doors, but they also found inspiration in 17th-century Dutch painting. Although the heyday of the Norwich School ended with the demise of the annual exhibitions in 1833, the term is often extended to cover artists of the area working in a similar spirit up to the 1880s. James Stark (1794–1859) is probably the best-known representative of the later generation.