A group of radical left-wing German artists formed in Berlin in December 1918; it was named after the revolution that had broken out in Germany the previous month, at the end of the First World War, and the professed aim of the Novembergruppe was to bring about national renewal by means of a closer relation between progressive artists and the public. Max Pechstein was among the prime movers. In 1919 the founders of the association created the Arbeitsrat für Kunst (Workers' Council for Art) in an attempt to bring about a dialogue between art and the masses, but this collapsed in 1921 and interest and support came mainly from the middle classes. Artistically the group covered a wide spectrum of ideas and styles. Through its numerous exhibitions it did a good deal to foster an artistic revival, and many of its aims were more fully realized at the Bauhaus. The group disbanded in 1929.