German painter, born in Osnabrück. He began his studies in the applied arts but decided to be a painter, holding his first exhibition in 1927. After a stay in Rome, he moved to Belgium in 1934. As a Jew, he was threatened by the rise to power of the Nazis. When the Germans occupied Belgium he was arrested as an enemy alien and sent to an internment camp in France, but he managed to escape and lived clandestinely in Brussels. It was during this period that he painted his most significant works, which recalled his period as a prisoner. Among them is his well known Self-Portrait with a Jewish Identity Card (1943, Felix Nussbaum House, Osnabrück). The last painting he made before his arrest in 1944 was a large allegorical work, Death Triumphant (1944, Felix Nussbaum House). He died at Auschwitz. The style of his work is dry and precise, close to Otto Dix. A museum dedicated to his work opened in Osnabrück in 1998.
http://www.felix-nussbaum.de/werkverzeichnis/archiv.php?lang=en& A catalogue raisonné of Nussbaum's work, available online.