An assessment of nutritional needs in relation to age, sex, physiological status, height, and weight. A rational approach is to consider the observed body mass index in relation to the ideal or desired body mass index for that individual. Nutritional intake can then be prescribed rationally to achieve the ideal or desired body mass index. Wasting, stunting, weight for height, and height for age are convenient indicators in malnourished populations. In low-income countries—or anywhere during periods of scarcity—nutritional assessment can be used to target food relief programs.
Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology.