Philip Nye was born in Sussex and died in Kensington in September 1672. Educated at Brasenose College and Magdalen Hall, Oxford, Nye was licensed to All Hallows, Staining in 1627, and in 1630 he was lecturer at St Michael's, Cornhill. In 1633 his non-conformist views prompted his departure to Holland, where he remained until he returned in 1640 to become vicar of Kimbolton. Whilst there he organized an Independent church (1643). He was prominent at the Westminster Assembly of Divines (1643–7), and later at the conference which produced the Savoy Declaration of Faith and Order (1658), with its Appendix detailing Congregational polity. Meanwhile he had removed to the sequestered rectory of Acton in 1643 and to that at St Bartholomew, Exchange, London, in 1654/5. From 1646 to 1660 he was a lecturer at Westminster Abbey. When Richard Cromwell was deposed in 1659, Nye advocated republican sentiments, and at the Restoration of the monarchy in 1660 lost his preferments. However, in the following year he signed the Renuntiation and Declaration prepared by twenty-five Congregational ministers with a view to denouncing Venner's Fifth Monarchy Men with whom some Anglicans were inclined to lump all dissenters. He then left London, returning in 1666. In 1672, on the Declaration of Indulgence, he assumed the position of doctor (that is, teacher) at the Independent church in John Loder's house in Cripplegate, which subsequently removed to Cutlers' Hall, Cloak Lane, Queen Street.
From The Continuum Encyclopedia of British Philosophy in Oxford Reference.