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nylon


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Any of various synthetic polyamide fibres having a protein-like structure formed by the condensation between an amino group of one molecule and a carboxylic acid group of another. There are three main nylon fibres, nylon 6, nylon 6,6, and nylon 6,10. Nylon 6, for example Enkalon and Celon, is formed by the self-condensation of 6-aminohexanoic acid. Nylon 6,6, for example Bri nylon, is made by polycondensation of hexanedioic acid (adipic acid) and 1,6-diaminohexane (hexamethylenediamine) having an average formula weight between 12 000 and 15 000. Nylon 6,10 is prepared by polymerizing decanedioic acid and 1,6-diaminohexane.

Subjects: Chemistry.


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