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Grain from Avena spp., the three best-known being A. sativa, A. steritis, and A. strigosa. A 100‐g portion (raw) is a rich source of vitamin B1; a good source of protein, iron, and zinc; a source of niacin; contains 9 g of fat of which 20% is saturated and 40% polyunsaturated, and 7 g of dietary fibre; supplies 375 kcal (1 580 kJ).

Oatmeal is ground oats; oatflour is ground oats with the bran removed; groats are husked oats; Embden groats are crushed groats; Scotch oats are groats cut into granules of various sizes; Sussex ground oats are very finely ground oats; rolled oats are crushed by rollers and partially precooked.

Subjects: Cookery, Food, and Drink — Medicine and Health.

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