(b St Petersburg, 15 Jan. 1896; d New York, 25 Feb. 1962)
Russian dancer and teacher. He studied at the Imperial Theatre School in St Petersburg and graduated into the Mariinsky Theatre in 1913 where he was promoted to premier danseur in 1917. A handsome dancer with a fine classical technique, he partnered Pavlova on her final Russian tour in 1914. In 1920 he left the Soviet Union, dancing first with the Romanian Opera Ballet in Bucharest (1920–2) then with Boris Romanov's Russian Romantic Ballet (1922–5). He and his wife Vera Nemchinova danced together in the Latvian Opera Ballet in Riga (1930), at the Ballet de l'Opéra Russe à Paris (1931), at the Lithuanian Opera Ballet in Kaunas (1931–5), with de Basil's Ballets Russes (1935–6), with René Blum's Ballets de Monte Carlo (1936–7), the Markova-Dolin Ballet (1937) and de Basil's Original Ballet Russe (1930–40). From 1941 until his death he taught at the School of American Ballet in New York. In 1944 he staged the pas de deux from Petipa's Don Quixote for Ballet Theatre (with Toumanova and Dolin), the first time it had entered the repertoire of a Western company.