The selective grinding of the occluding (contacting) surfaces of the teeth in order to remove premature contacts or occlusal interferences and to establish maximum masticatory efficiency. It is also undertaken to eliminate occlusal trauma and abnormal muscle tension, to aid the stabilization of orthodontic therapy, to aid periodontal therapy, and following complex restorative treatment. It has been used to eliminate temporomandibular joint problems, although the evidence to support this is controversial. See also balanced occlusion.
Fricton J. Current evidence providing clarity in management of temporomandibular disorders: summary of a systematic review of randomized clinical trials for intra-oral appliances and occlusal therapies. J Evid Based Dent Pract 2006;6(1):48–52.Milosevic A. Occlusion: 2. Occlusal splints, analysis and adjustment. Dent Update 2003;30(8):416–22.