An orderly way to arrange people into categories according to the nature of the work that they do. The simplest way to do this is to categorize two groups of occupations: manual and nonmanual (white-collar and blue-collar occupations). The British Registrar General's Occupational Classification, first used in 1910, recognized five broad occupational groups that equated approximately to social class. In the United States, the standard occupational classification (SOC) lists 23 categories and more than 800 types of work. See http://www.bls.gov/soc/home.htm for an account of this.
Subjects: Sociology — Public Health and Epidemiology.