occupational psychology

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A field of applied psychology in which the results of psychological research are applied to all problems related to people in work and unemployment, including vocational guidance and selection, problems of work motivation and job satisfaction, absenteeism, design and implementation of training courses, teaching of social and human relations skills, improvement of promotion structures, evaluation of job performance, and problems of safety and welfare. Its major branches are personnel psychology, ergonomics or human factors psychology, and organizational psychology. It corresponds roughly to industrial/organizational psychology, the term usually preferred in the US, and it falls under the umbrella of work psychology. See also occupational health psychology.

Subjects: Psychology.

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