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oesophageal varices


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Dilated veins in the lower oesophagus due to portal hypertension. These may rupture and bleed, resulting in haematemesis; bleeding is usually serious and life-threatening. Bleeding may be arrested by endoscopic therapy (either injection of sclerosants or application of rubber bands). If this fails to stop the bleeding, a compression balloon (e.g. a Sengstaken tube) may be inserted. Intravenous infusions (e.g. of terlipressin or octreotide) may be used as an additional measure.

Subjects: Medicine and Health.


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