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(initial Russian letters for ‘United State Political Administration’) A security police agency established in 1922 as GPU and renamed after the formation of the Soviet Union (1923). It existed to suppress counter-revolution, to uncover political dissidents, and, after 1928, to enforce collectivization of farming. It had its own army and a vast network of spies. It was absorbed into the NKVD in 1934.

Subjects: World History.

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