Old Copper Culture

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Late Archaic Stage hunter‐gatherer communities linked not so much through cultural affinity as by the exploitation of native copper ores around the shores of the Great Lakes of North America in the period c.3000–2500 bc. These communities used cold hammered and annealed native copper for the production of edged tools and ornaments. Among the items made were copper points as substitutes for chipped stone projectile points, axe and adze blades, gouges, wedges for splitting wood, fish hooks, beads, bracelets, and headdress pieces. Most of the copper artefacts were used within a radius of about 500 km of the sources, but interest in such items gradually expanded and items were exchanged widely with surrounding groups.

Subjects: Archaeology.

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