Israeli statesman; Prime Minister (2006– ). He was a Likud government minister from 1988 to 1992 and then Mayor of Jerusalem (1993–2003). He returned to government as Ariel Sharon's Deputy Prime Minister and followed Sharon in splitting with Likud (2005) to found the Kadima party. After Sharon's incapacitation by a stroke (January 2006), Olmert became Acting Prime Minister and led Kadima in the 2006 elections. He emerged as Prime Minister of a Kadima–Labour coalition. He has stated that a withdrawal from Israeli-occupied Palestinian territories to secure but revised borders is the only way Israel can remain both democratic and predominantly Jewish.
Subjects: World History — Contemporary History (Post 1945).