Nebraska-born author, worked as a domestic servant and raised her own four daughters before she found time to write, drawing upon her own experience. Four stories written in the 1950s were collected as Tell Me a Riddle (1962). Yonnondio (1974) is a novel about life in the 1930s. Silences (1978) prints essays and lectures delivered at colleges on writers who have been silenced because of their class or sex. She sympathetically introduced an edition of Rebecca Harding Davis's Life in the Iron Mills (1973).