A European Space Agency communications satellite launched in 1989, the only such craft known to have been disabled by a meteor. Olympus was launched in 1989 and was hit while passing through the Perseid meteor shower in 1993. As a result, the craft lost its directional control and a subsequent electrical failure ended its transmissions. Olympus had previously lost a solar panel in 1991, and later that year ground stations lost control of the satellite for two months.
Originally named L-Sat, Olympus was developed by European companies including British Aerospace, who was the prime contractor. The satellite was designed for television broadcasts, telephone routing, video conferences, and other business communications.
Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics.