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Literally, ‘the dual lord’. Above the other gods in the Aztec pantheon, far above the events of the world, stood Ometecuhtli, the androgynous master of duality and the source of all existence. Outside space and time, ‘beyond the stars’, this supreme being was the unity of contraries—male and female, light and dark, movement and stillness, order and chaos. Below Ometecuhtli was the great spirit of the world, Tezcatlipoca, and his rival Quetzalcoatl, whom the Aztecs regarded as in temporary exile. At last the plumed-serpent lord would return to inaugurate a new religion.

Subjects: Religion.

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