(Skt.). The chief mantra associated with the salvific compassion of the Bodhisattva Avalokiteśvara.who is especially venerated in Tibet. The literal meaning of the mantra is often given as ‘Praise (Oṃ) to the jewel in the lotus.hail (hūṃ)!’, the lotus symbolizing the ordinary human mind with its inherent jewel-like potentiality for enlightenment (bodhi). However, such a reading presents grammatical problems. An alternative reading is to take the mantra as an invocation to a female deity by the name of Maṇipadmi (‘Praise to the goddess Maṇipadmi, hail!’), but no such deity is known. Many further speculative explanations of the significance of the mantra are found in Tibetan Buddhism. Most commonly, each of the six syllables of the mantra is associated with one of the six realms of rebirth in saṃsāra.
Fig 15 Oṃ maṇi padme hūṃ in Tibetan Script