A right‐wing party founded as the One Nation Party in 1997 by Pauline Hanson. In the 1998 general elections, it attracted 8.5 per cent of the national vote, but because of the electoral system obtained only one seat in the House of Representatives. In 2001, it caused a further upset in the state elections of Queensland, when it gained 9 per cent of the popular vote. The party's success forced its emotive anti‐immigration concerns and its opposition to granting special Aboriginal rights to the top of the political agenda, and forced a polarization of the debate. At the national general elections in December 2001, its popular support was halved as the Liberal Party positioned itself further to the right. Pauline Hanson resigned from her functions within the party in 2002. In 2003, Hanson was found guilty of manipulating party membership lists, though the ruling was later overturned by the High Court. The party, which had renamed itself One Nation, continued its decline, losing its electoral base even in Queensland.http://www.onenation.com.auThe official website of One Nation.
Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945).