optimal city size

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There are benefits as a city grows—for example, cheaper transport and the more economical provision of services—up to, and until, the optimum size is reached. Zheng (2007) Urb. Studs 44, 5–6 shows that the optimal city size of Japanese metropolitan areas in 2000 was about 18 million, ‘which means that the Tokyo metropolitan area, with nearly 32 million inhabitants, is obviously too large’.

Subjects: Earth Sciences and Geography.

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