(b. 31 May 1963).
Prime Minister of Hungary, 1998–2002 Born in Székesfehérvar, he graduated in jurisprudence from Eotvos Lorand University. In 1989 he became a national figure by demanding the withdrawal of Soviet troops during the burial of Imre Nagy. He co‐founded the Young Democrats (FIDESZ), and as party leader from 1994 he set out to shift the party from the progressive centre to the capitalist right. On this basis, he won the 1998 elections. Orbán promoted Hungary's integration into NATO and the EU, and secured a large personal following through his youthful energy, charisma, and populist rhetoric. Surprisingly, he lost the 2002 elections, but remained a high‐profile member of the opposition.
Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945).