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Ludovico Ariosto (1474—1533) Italian poet

Michael Drayton (1563—1631) poet

John Milton (1608—1674) poet and polemicist

William Blake (1757—1827) engraver, artist, and poet

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1 a mythical sea‐monster mentioned by Ariosto, Drayton, Milton, and others, from the Latin ‘orca’, a kind of whale;

2 in the Prophetic Books of Blake, the symbol of rebellion and anarchy, the son of Los and Enitharmon, who is chained, like Prometheus, to a rock in The Book of Urizen, and who bursts his bonds in America: A Prophecy to fight and defeat Albion's Angel;

3 in the personal mythology of J. R. R. Tolkien, Orcs are the evil and hideous creations of the rebellious Vala, Melkor.

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