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A city in central France on the Loire which in 1429 was the scene of Joan of Arc's first victory over the English during the Hundred Years War; Orleans was also one of the main royal duchies of medieval France, originally created in 1344 for the younger son of Philip VI of France, and associated particularly with the Orleanist dynasty descended from Louis XIV's younger brother.

Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

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