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Is basically Orphic literature; it comprised, besides the dominant theogonical and eschatological poems, ritualistic texts, hymns sung in ritual, and prescriptions about specific initiation and other rites. They were used by two sets of people, followers of Bacchic mystery groups, and individual ritual specialists, the itinerant Orpheotelests. The specialists used rituals to heal demonic possession, to harm by magic, and to realize eschatological hopes.

Subjects: Classical Studies.

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