James Orr was born in Glasgow on 11 April 1844 and died there on 6 September 1913. Orphaned at an early age, he came in touch as a young man with the United Presbyterians (UPs) and identified with their egalitarian tradition. In 1865 he enrolled as an arts student at the University of Glasgow with a view to the Christian ministry, and in 1868 also began attending summer sessions at the UP Divinity Hall in Edinburgh. He took a string of prizes at Glasgow and graduated with first-class MA honours in mental philosophy (1870). His crowning undergraduate achievement was the prestigious Ferguson Scholarship in Philosophy, the proceeds of which he used to fund further studies in divinity at Glasgow under Hegelian theologian John Caird.
From The Continuum Encyclopedia of British Philosophy in Oxford Reference.