Rice. Together with wheat, corn, and potatoes, it is one of the world's four most important crops. The haploid chromosome number is 12. The rice genome (389 mbp) is the smallest of the cultivated species. For comparison, Triticum aestivum is 16 gbp. See Classification, Plantae, Angiospermae, Monocotyledonae, Graminales; Genome Sizes and Gene Numbers; helitron.
Subjects: Genetics and Genomics.