orthodontic appliance

'orthodontic appliance' can also refer to...

orthodontic appliance

orthodontic appliance

orthodontic appliance

Review: Removable orthodontic appliances (2002)

Speech and orthodontic appliances: a systematic literature review

Occlusal bite force change after orthodontic treatment with Andresen functional appliance

Perception of pain during orthodontic treatment with fixed appliances

The prevalence of bacteraemia on removal of fixed orthodontic appliances

Quantifying patient adherence during active orthodontic treatment with removable appliances using microelectronic wear-time documentation

Effect of material variation on the biomechanical behaviour of orthodontic fixed appliances: a finite element analysis

Nickel in dental plaque and saliva in patients with and without orthodontic appliances

Psychophysical testing of taste and flavour reactivity in young patients undergoing treatment with removable orthodontic appliances

The effect of fixed orthodontic appliances on the oral carriage of Candida species and Enterobacteriaceae

Recolonization of mutans steptococci on teeth with orthodontic appliances after antimicrobial therapy

Bacterial colonization associated with fixed orthodontic appliances. A scanning electron microscopy study

Review: Orthodontic Management of the Dentition with the Pre‐adjusted Appliance (2001)

Functional occlusion after fixed appliance orthodontic treatment: a UK three-centre study

The validation of an orthodontic expert system rule-base for fixed appliance treatment planning

Perception of pain as a result of orthodontic treatment with fixed appliances


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Quick Reference

An appliance used to move teeth as part of orthodontic therapy. Movement of the teeth may be achieved by intra-oral or extra-oral traction. Fixed appliances are attached directly to the teeth. The components of fixed appliances, namely bands or brackets, adhere to the tooth surface and archwires attached to them apply a force to the teeth and are capable of changing the mesio-distal angle of the teeth (tipping), changing the bucco-lingual inclination of the teeth (torquing), rotating or bodily moving teeth. They utilize archwires and auxiliaries (e.g. ligatures, elastics, springs, separators). Fixed appliances have an advantage over removable appliances in that they can be used for multiple tooth movement and they make it possible to exercise precise control over force distribution to individual teeth. Examples are the edgewise, Begg, and tip-edge appliances. Removable appliances are capable of being removed by the patient for cleaning. They can be used as active appliances by utilizing springs, wires, bows, screws, elastics, or the acrylic resin baseplate. A functional appliance ( myofunctional appliance) is used to correct jaw disharmonies by modifying the growth of the jaws in an actively growing patient by utilizing the forces generated within the masticatory and facial muscles. They act on both upper and lower teeth at the same time and may be either fixed or removable. Changes induced by functional appliances are thought to be due to changes in the dento-alveolar complex, skeletal changes, or changes in the glenoid fossa of the temporomandibular joint. There are many different appliance types used to treat specific malocclusions; these include the Andresen, Bimler, Frankel, monobloc, and twin block appliances. A lingual orthodontic appliance is a fixed orthodontic appliance placed on the lingual or palatal tooth surface. A vacuum-formed appliance is usually made of clear plastic, using a ‘suck-down’ machine that forces the plastic to adapt to the contours of the model; it is often used as a retainer following active treatment but may also be used for minor tooth movements.

Subjects: Dentistry.

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