Quantifiable consequences of an action, set of actions, or procedure. In the health field, many outcome measures are used to assess and evaluate aspects of health care. A simple alliterative classification is death, disease, disability, and discomfort, which are measured by mortality and morbidity rates; functional ability; and responses to questions about pain, distress, sleeplessness, etc. Dissatisfaction with health care services is unobtrusively assessed by broken appointment rates and requests for transfer to an alternative service, but there are many confounding variables that raise questions about the validity of these measures.
Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology.