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The Frankish name given to the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem established in Palestine after the First Crusade (1096–99). On Christmas Day 1100 Baldwin I was crowned as its first king. He ruled over a narrow strip of coastal territory with no clear eastern boundaries, and the kingdom depended for its survival on sufficient settlers coming regularly from Europe. Muslims united against the invaders and Jerusalem fell to them in 1187.

Subjects: World History.

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