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Ottoman architecture


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Islamic architecture, mainly in Asia Minor, that developed from C14, characterized by domes, thin minarets, tile-work, and decorations in relief cut in stone. Typical of early Ottoman buildings was the Yeshil Mosque, Iznik (1378–92). After the conquest of Constantinople by the Ottoman Turks (1453), Ottoman architecture absorbed Byzantine influences, notably in the buildings of Sinan (1489–c.1588), including the Mosque of Sokollu Mehmet Pasha (1570–4) and the Süleymaniye Mosque (1551–8), both in Istanbul. Later architecture of great magnificence was produced, notably the impressive Mosque of Sultan Ahmed, Istanbul (1610–16). The lovely kiosk of Chinli, Istanbul (1472), has arcaded tile-encrusted elevations of great beauty. Ottoman motifs influenced aspects of C18 and C19 Western design, including some of the orientalizing buildings erected in gardens, e.g. by Chambers and others.

Conner (1979);Cruickshank (ed.) (1996);Lampugnani (ed.) and Dinsmoor (1986);Jane Turner (1996)

Subjects: Architecture.


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