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Is the term used to describe work undertaken on top of an employee's normal contracted hours. Normally employees are paid for overtime at an enhanced rate (usually equivalent to time and a half or, in some cases, double time). Usually, overtime is voluntary and is welcomed by employees as a means of supplementing their basic wage. However, in some circumstances overtime is compulsory. For many employees, particularly in white-collar jobs and especially amongst professionals and managerial grades, there is no additional overtime payment, even though working beyond the contracted hours is expected. Indeed, in some organizations there is a culture of presenteeism, whereby employees are expected to get into the office early and work late, even though they are not paid for this overtime.

Subjects: Human Resource Management.

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