Johann Pachelbel

(1653—1706) German composer and organist

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(b Nuremberg, 1653; d Nuremberg, 1706).

Ger. organist and composer. Deputy org., St Stephen's Cath., Vienna, 1673–6. Court org. Eisenach 1677. Org., Protestant Predigerkirche, Erfurt, 1678–90. Court org., Stuttgart, 1690–2. Org., St Sebald, Nuremberg, 1695–1706. His comps. influenced Bach. Works incl. Hexachordum Apollinis (1699), 6 sets of airs and variations for hpd.; 78 chorale preludes (1693), incl. Ein' feste Burg, Nun komm der Heiden Heiland, Vom Himmel hoch, etc.; Aria Sebaldina, variations in F minor for hpd.; Canon and Gigue in D for 3 vns. and continuo; Chaconne and 13 variations for hpd., etc. His church music, for long disregarded, has been highly revalued, particularly his sacred concertos and his 13 settings of the Magnificat.

Subjects: Music.

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