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Literally, ‘earth-maker’. An ancient creator deity of Peru. He may have originated among the coastal peoples as a fish god. The Incas adopted his cult and his name appears in the title of several rulers. According to a creation myth, Pachacamac forgot to provide the first man and woman with food. When the man died of starvation, the woman accused the sun of neglect, whereupon this god made her fertile. Pachacamac killed the son that she bore and cut the corpse into pieces, from which grew vegetables and fruits. A second son, named Wichama, he was unable to catch, but he slew the first woman. In revenge for his mother's death, Wichama pursued Pachacamac, driving him into the sea.

Subjects: Religion.

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