(1906–85), English garden designer and author who started his career in collaboration with Geoffrey Jellicoe from 1935 to 1939. His work was classical in inspiration, strongly influenced by Renaissance Italy and 17th-century France, but he was also a learned plantsman—as he accurately said, ‘I know more about plants than most designers, and more about design than most plantsmen.’ He worked in Britain, France, Belgium, Italy, Spain, and the USA. Most of his gardens were designed for private clients but his work may be seen by the public at Longleat (Wiltshire), Port Lympne (Kent), Leeds Castle (Kent), La Mortella (Italy), the Frick Collection (New York), and, one of his last works, the Donald M. Kendall Sculpture Gardens at the PepsiCo Headquarters in New York State. The gardens he designed in Battersea Park (London) for the Festival of Britain in 1951 were partly reinstated in 2003. He combined the skills of a designer with the practical gifts of a skilful horticulturist—certainly in his early days he often carried out his planting schemes himself—and frequently returned to the gardens he had designed to see how they were evolving. His book The Education of a Gardener (1962) remains one of the finest and most approachable books on the principles of garden design with many acute opinions of famous gardens. Acknowledged or not, he has been one of the most influential 20th-century garden designers.
From The Oxford Companion to the Garden in Oxford Reference.
Subjects: Lifestyle, Home, and Garden.