Pachacamac, Peru

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Large ceremonial centre of the middle Horizon situated in the Lurin Valley south of Lima. Excavated by Max Uhle, the site appears to have been a major pilgrimage centre focused on the oracle of Pachacamac, possibly part of the Huari Empire although possibly the centre of its own polity.

Pottery from the graves associated with early temples on the site define three main styles in the local polychrome technique known as the Pachacamac technique. When the Inca conquered the site they added their own Temple of the Sun to the existing structures. Numerous richly appointed female mummies were found associated with this temple, some showing evidence of death by strangulation.


M. Uhle, 1903, Pachacamac. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press;M. Rostworowski de Diez Canseco, 1992, Pachacamac y el Señor de los Milagros. Lima: Instituto de Estudios Peruanos

Subjects: Archaeology.

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