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Wittelsbachs of the Palatinate


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Electors of the Palatinate

Line of Simmern

Line of Neuburg

Line of Sulzbach

Schaab, M., Geschichte der Kurpfalz (2 vols., Stuttgart, 1988–92).Spindler, M., ed., Handbuch der bayerischen Geschichte (4 vols. in 6 pts., Munich, 1968–75).

1329–1353

Rudolf II (son of Rudolf I, duke of Upper Bavaria; count palatine with electoral rights 1329)

1353–1390

Rupert I (brother)

1390–1398

Rupert II (nephew)

1398–1410

Rupert III (son; king of Germany 1400)

1410–1436

Louis III, the Bearded (son)

1436–1449

Louis IV, the Gentle (son)

1452–1476

Frederick I, the Victorious (brother; regent 1449–52)

1476–1508

Philip the Upright (son of Louis IV)

1508–1544

Louis V, the Pacific (son)

1544–1556

Frederick II (brother)

1556–1559

Otto Henry (nephew)

1410–1459

Stephen (son of Rupert III; duke of Simmern by partition 1410)

1459–1480

Frederick I (son)

1480–1509

John I (son)

1509–1557

John II (son)

1557–1576

Frederick III, the Pious (son; elector 1685)

1576–1583

Louis VI (son)

1583–1610

Frederick IV (son)

1610–1623

Frederick V, the Winter King (son; king of Bohemia 1619–20; deposed, died 1632; award of the electorate to Bavaria)

1648–1680

Charles I Louis (son; recovered the electorate at the peace of Westphalia 1648)

1680–1685

Charles II (son)

1459–1489

Louis I, the Black (son of Stephen; duke of Zweibrücken and Veldenz 1444)

1489–1514

Alexander (son)

1514–1532

Louis II (son)

1532–1569

Wolfgang (son)

1569–1614

Philip Louis (son; Neuburg 1569)

1614–1653

Wolfgang William (son)

1653–1690

Philip William (son; elector 1685)

1690–1716

John William (son)

1716–1742

Charles III Philip (brother)

1614–1632

Augustus (son of Philip Louis; duke of Sulzbach 1615)

1632–1708

Christian Augustus (son)

1708–1732

Theodore Eustachius (son)

1732–1733

John Christian (son)

1733–1799

Charles IV Theodore (son; elector 1742; union with Bavaria 1777)

Subjects: History.


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