(b. 22 Sept. 1880, d. 13 Feb. 1958). British suffragette leader Born in Manchester, she grew up in London. In 1903, with her mother, Emmeline Pankhurst, she formed the Women's Social and Political Union (WSPU). She graduated from Manchester University in 1906, having campaigned vigorously for votes for women with Annie Kenney. She was imprisoned briefly in 1906, and the next year she became secretary of the WSPU. Her organization of a huge rally in June 1908 attracted over half a million supporters to Hyde Park in London, and she was again imprisoned later that year. In 1912–14 she directed the work of the WSPU from Paris, in order to avoid arrest again, but in World War I, like her mother, she devoted herself to recruiting for war service. Once female suffrage had been achieved in 1918, she opposed continuing the WSPU as a political organization and went to live in Canada and the USA.
From A Dictionary of Contemporary World History in Oxford Reference.
Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945).