(b. 4 July 1858, d. 14 June 1929).
British suffragette leader Born in Manchester, she joined the Independent Labour Party in 1893. Frustrated by the organization's failure to promote the issue of women's suffrage, she and her daughter Christabel Pankhurst founded the Women's Social and Political Union (WSPU) in 1903. As leading suffragettes, they put pressure on the Liberal government to grant votes for women. For her militant tactics she was frequently imprisoned, most famously in 1913, when she was sentenced to three years for arson. Released after a year (August 1914), she abandoned the suffrage campaign to encourage women to assist the war effort by joining the police and services, or by going into industry. She lived in Canada after the war, where she was involved in child welfare and the National Council for Combating Venereal Disease. She returned to England in 1926 and but for her death would have stood as Conservative candidate for Whitechapel in 1929.
Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945).