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pāramitā


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(Skt., crossed over).

In Mahāyāna Buddhism a ‘perfection’ or virtuous quality practised by a Bodhisattva in the course of his spiritual development. Apparently related to the ten pāramīs of early Buddhism, an original list of six Mahāyāna perfections was eventually increased to ten to complement the ten stages or levels (bhūmi) of a Bodhisattva's career. The full list of the ten Perfections is: (1) generosity (dāna); (2) morality (śīla); (3) patience (kṣānti); (4) courage (vīrya); (5) meditation (samādhi), (6) intuitive insight (prajñā); (7) skilful means (upāya-kauśalya); (8) vow (pranidhāna); (9) power (bala); (10) knowledge (jñāna). The sixth is the subject of the extensive corpus of Perfection of Insight literature (see Prajñā-pāramitā Sūtras).

(1) generosity (dāna); (2) morality (śīla); (3) patience (kṣānti); (4) courage (vīrya); (5) meditation (samādhi), (6) intuitive insight (prajñā); (7) skilful means (upāya-kauśalya); (8) vow (pranidhāna); (9) power (bala); (10) knowledge (jñāna).

Subjects: Buddhism.


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