The set of behaviors of mothers, fathers, and other close family members who care for children that are considered essential ingredients for healthy childrearing. These include providing for physical, social, psychological, educational, and spiritual needs, ensuring time for mutually enjoyable activities, family fun, training in problem solving, discipline, conflict resolution, appropriate use of rewards and punishments, consistency of responses to child behavior, and provision of suitable role models. Some parents, especially from broken or disturbed homes, require formal training in parenting skills. This training is provided by some public health and social service departments, usually in collaboration with educational services.
Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology.