Pāli term meaning ‘protection’ and referring to various formulae which are recited for protection or blessing. The term also denotes the collection of such texts, as well as the ritual at which the collection of these texts or parts of them are recited. This ritual, performed by the followers of Theravāda Buddhism.is a complex religious rite with individual formulae appropriate for specific circumstances such as ill health, natural calamity, or the blessing of a new house. monks chant the texts while holding a ritual string in their hands. This string is tied to various ritual implements, including a pot of water, before finally reaching the assembled people to whom the blessings of the chanting is transmitted. At the end of the ceremony the ritually pure water is sprinkled and pieces of the thread are tied either round the neck or wrist for protection.