(c. 400—330 bc)

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(c.400–330 bc),

Macedonian noble, the most respected general of Philip II. Active in senior command as early as 356, he headed the expeditionary force in Asia Minor (336) and eased Alexander (2) the Great's accession by helping to remove his colleague Attalus, the new king's bitterest enemy. So he was the automatic choice as Alexander's second‐in‐command in Asia, and two of his sons had command of the Companion (see hetairoi) cavalry and the hypaspists (see Alexander 2 the great, (2)). At the major battles (the Granicus, Issus, and Gaugamela) he controlled the Macedonian left and had an indispensable defensive role. There is a tradition of disagreement between Parmenion and his king which is in part fabrication, but there appears to have been a genuine divergence of views on the terminus for conquest in Asia. As a result Parmenion was detached with increasing frequency on independent missions, and in the summer of 330 he was deputed to escort the treasures of Persepolis to Ecbatana, where he remained, gradually isolated as his Macedonian troops rejoined Alexander in the east. When his son Philotas was executed for alleged treason, he was murdered at the king's command (autumn 330). He had been a long‐standing curb on the king's ambitions and was too dangerous to be left alive.

Subjects: Classical Studies.

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