Samuel Parker was born in Northampton. He died in Magdalen College, Oxford on 21 March 1688 and was buried in the College ante-chapel. The second son of Judge John Parker, he was ‘puritanically educated’ at Northampton Grammar School before entering Wadham College, Oxford in 1656, whose Warden was then Cromwell's brother-in-law, the famous John Wilkins. Wilkins had himself been a vicar in Northamptonshire, and it was probably this connection that brought Parker to Wadham, from where he graduated BA in 1659. Whilst a student Parker was a staunch Presbyterian and when Wilkins left Wadham, also in 1659, to become Master of Trinity College, Cambridge, Parker, probably for religious reasons, transferred to Trinity College, Oxford, from where he graduated MA in 1663. Through the influence of Dr Ralph Bathurst he came to modify his religious views and became a firm member of the Church of England. In 1665 he published an important theological essay, Tentamina … de Deo, and in the same year he became, again under the influence of Bathurst, a Fellow of the Royal Society.
From The Continuum Encyclopedia of British Philosophy in Oxford Reference.