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Italian family of builders and architects, active mainly in Germany. They specialized in fortifications.

(1) Alexander [Alessandro] Pasqualini I [Alexander von Buren] (b or bapt Bologna, 5 May 1493; d Bielefeld, 1559). He is said to have moved to Germany initially in 1530 at the instigation of Emperor Charles V. He was active first in the Netherlands: in Antwerp, where he is attested as a goldsmith, Buren,'s Hertogenbosch, IJsselstein and Middelburg. There he was known as Alexander von Buren and worked alongside his compatriot Tommaso di Andrea Vincidor. His principal patron in the Netherlands was Floris von Egmont (1469–1539), Count of Buren, for whom he probably built a castle (destr. 1804) in Buren. From 1549 he was active in various parts of the Duchy of Jülich-Cleve-Berg as Director of Building Works for Duke William V (reg 1539–92), although he may have worked for the Duke from as early as 1547. His principal works, either extant or restored, are the brick church tower (c. 1535) at IJsselstein and the Schloss (from 1549) with its monumental court chapel in the citadel of Jülich. Pasqualini made extensive plans for the expansion of the town of Jülich but was unable to execute them. His fortifications at Düsseldorf have disappeared, and the only evidence of his work at the Stadtschloss are some windows that he inserted into a surviving medieval tower. He seems also to have been active in Cleve and at the rebuilding of Schloss Hambach. Unlike the other architects in his family, he has a recognizable individual artistic identity, although his work is preserved only in extensively restored or even reconstructed buildings at IJsselstein and Jülich, and only four plans marked with his monogram survive. His architectural style was derived from the stylistic practices of the Italian High Renaissance and Mannerism, modified by Dutch influence from Gelderland, where he had begun his north European career. He transmitted Italian architectural principles to the Netherlands and the Lower Rhine with a rare directness at a comparatively early date for lands north of the Alps.


From The Grove Encyclopedia of Northern Renaissance Art in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: Renaissance Art.

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